Egyptology collection

Daily life

Stone dish

Finely carved dish made from green schist. This could have been used in daily life or placed in a tomb. Probably made between 2686 -2181 BC.


Pine cone lamp

Graeco-Roman lamp in the form of a pine cone. This would have been filled with oil and a wick placed in the top and lit.
 
Tests have shown evidence of plant oil mixed with a small amount of conifer resin, which would have created a pleasing fragrance.
 
The Egyptians imported their conifer resins from Syria and Palestine from the cone-producing trees Cilician fir (Abies cilicica), Lebanese cedar (Cedrus libani) and Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis).
 
Alexandria, Egypt.
c 300 BC - 100 AD.


Copper alloy mirror

A mirror made of copper alloy. This would originally have been highly polished to give a good reflection to the user.

Unprovenanced, c.1800 - 1200 BC.


Copper Alloy Cat Head

Copper alloy cat head, sacred to god Bast (or Bastet). This goddess was a protector of the home.
 
Egypt.
c.600-500 BC.


Bes amulet

An amulet of the god Bes. Women wore amulets of the household god Bes to keep them safe when having a baby. It is made of faience (a highly glazed pottery).

Unprovenanced,
c.800 - 200 BC.


Wooden Cat

Wooden figurine of a cat. The cat was the sacred creature of the goddess Bastet. She was usually a gentle proactive goddess. Bastet was one of the daughters of the sun god Ra.

Unprovenanced, c.600 - 100 BC.


Kohl pot

A pot made of alabaster and used to store eye makeup. The most common cosmetic worn by men and women was eye paint made from the crushed mineral galena.


Copper Alloy figure of Ra

Copper alloy figurine depicting Ra, the falcon headed God of the sun.
 
Egypt
C.700 500 BC.


Copper Alloy figure Isis and Horus

Copper alloy figurine of Isis nursing the infant Horus. She wears her crown of the horned solar disk, whilst the child Horus is on her knee.
                                               
Egypt
C.700 100 BC.


Pre-dynastic Vase

Ovoid pottery vase, which may have been a water vessel. Predynastic. Nagada II type.
                                               
Egypt
C.3500-3100 BC


Stone Axeheads
Two stone axeheads from the high desert plateau above Thebes. Egypt. The early Egyptians used such simple stone implements to hunt and fight with and to prepare food and shelter.
 
C.15000 BC.


Ivory Bracelet
Ivory bracelet, possibly for a child.
                                        
Egypt.
C3000 2000BC.


Necklace of scarabs
Ancient Egyptian scarabs and amulets arranged as a necklace at a later date, probably around 1900.


Necklace

Necklace of faience beads.


Alabasta Vase

Alabaster vase. It is half filled with dried remains of original contents and was used to store plant oils. GCMS analysis showed the presence of vegetable oil.
Thebes.
 
Egypt.
C1450 BC.


Red Ware Vase

Polished red ware vase. It has traces of an original fabric lid fixed in place with a form of ancient glue. Testing showed the glue is made of cow fat mixed with conifer resin, bees' wax and acacia gum. Traces of animal dung suggest the fat was produced in surroundings that were not sterile.Kahun.
 
Egypt.
1900BC


Earthenware Cooking Pot

Red earthenware cooking pot decorated with spirals, black soot around rim. Two lugs with holes, possibly for string to carry the vase with. GCMS tests show the contents were a meat based stew.
Predynastic.
Nagada.
 
Egypt.
C.3500BC


Eye of Horus Amulet

Blue faience amulet of eye of Horus, sometimes called a Wedjet eye. This was a powerful symbol of protection, to ensure the safety and health of the wearer. Amulets were worn to protect the wearer by their religious associations.
The ancient Egyptians had many different beliefs about the god Horus. One of the most common ones was that Horus was the son of Isis and Osiris.
Osiris was murdered by his brother Seth, Horus fought with Seth for the throne of Egypt and lost an eye. The eye was restored to him and it became a symbol of protection for the ancient Egyptians. After the battle, Horus was chosen to be the ruler of the world of the living.


Stone Macehead

Abydos.
 
Egypt.
C.3000BC


Scribe's Palette

Wooden Scribe's palette with 5 dishes for paint and pens. Scientific analysis of paint with GCMS showed plant oils, resins and gums in the black, yellow and white paint proving they were genuine ancient ingredients. However, the red paint sample also included turpentine, suggesting it is likely to have been used again in the 20th century.


Amulet in form of Goddess Sekhmet

Amulet in the form of the goddess Sekhmet, represented as a lioness, holding a wedjat eye. Sekhmet was the goddess of war.
Made of limestone.
 
Egypt.


Shell with Paint Pigment

Large seashell used as paint holder. GCMS paint analysis revealed the red substance consisted of red ochre, plant oil and plant gum, a similar combination to that used to paint a royal tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
                                               
Egypt
C1500 BC.


Ka Figure

A Wooden Ka figure of a naked standing woman, with eyes made up. This was a statuette provided somewhere where the woman's soul could live after death.
 
Egypt.
747-332 BC.


Wooden Headrest

Used for resting head whilst sleeping.
Egypt


Frog Amulet

Amulet in the form of a frog.
Made of faience.
                                                 
The frog was a symbol of fertility and regeneration.
 
Egypt